As part of Linux training on Linux concepts, you need to learn Linux terms to understand the concepts.
These articles, whose names end with “Linux Concepts & Terms”, were created to help you learn to “geek talk” and understand Linux terms – and this will help you learn to use Linux!
Linux tips: Rather than just defining Linux terms, these articles will describe “related” Linux terms “in context”, using the terms to describe Linux concepts. The bottom line is: “Translate Linux Geek-Speak into clear passages for frustration-free mastery!”
Boot Linux on a console or desktop and log into Linux
You can configure Linux to 1) boot to a console, also known as a virtual terminal, or 2) boot to a Linux desktop.
To use Linux, you need to log in to Linux. Log in as the user at the login prompt on a console or GUI login prompt, before logging into a Linux desktop.
Booting Linux on a Linux console
When you boot from a Linux console, you don’t see a Linux desktop or don’t have access to a Linux desktop, you just see a black screen with a login prompt, and the login prompt looks like this: Login:
Linux tips: Linux servers are most often installed and configured to boot to a Linux console (a login: prompt) instead of a Linux desktop. In many situations, a Linux desktop is not required on a Linux server and therefore a desktop is not installed.
To run Linux commands to perform Linux system administration, log in as a user named root – at the console Login: prompt, not the GUI login prompt before logging into a desktop.
At the Login: prompt, type root and press Enter, then type the password for the root user at the password prompt and press Enter.
Linux tips: For security reasons, never log into a Linux desktop as the root user. To work as the root user from a Linux desktop, log into the desktop as a regular user, open a terminal emulation window, and issue the su command, with the – (hyphen) option.
Linux terms: “Linux console”, “Linux terminal”, “Linux virtual terminal”, “vt”, and “terminal emulation window” are sometimes referred to simply as “terminal” or “console”.
Now imagine watching Linux video tutorials that show you how to: start a Linux console and log in to perform Linux admin tasks, start a Linux desktop and open a terminal emulation window, and how to switch between a Linux desktop and a virtual terminal – and this also explains the “why” of all this!
Nice, calm, relaxed, step by step, and showing you everything you need to know – and explaining all Linux concepts and terms along the way – easy Linux training all the way!