While building a new website, developers need to focus on developing both the front-end and back-end. An application’s frontend refers to the code visible to website visitors. Normally, frontend code creates interfaces through which the application interacts with users. On the other hand, the backend code interacts with the server and provides content or data for users to view. Then the backend code takes care of the application, web server and database. The combination of application, server, and database makes backend coding complex and important.
Why do developers need to pay more attention to backend web development?
Facilitates the exchange of information
As noted earlier, the backend consists of three key elements of a website, namely the application, web server, and database. When accessing the user interface of a website, each user is required to provide his login ID and password. The login ID and password provided by the user are validated by the backend. Likewise, any information submitted by the user is stored in databases via the backend code. Also, the backend fetches the information from the database and sends the information to the user interface for display to the user. Thus, the backend of a website acts as a structure and facilitates the exchange of information.
It works in various environments
Nowadays, businesses deploy websites and web applications in a variety of environments. For example, some companies prefer to run websites on web servers, while others deploy web applications in the cloud. At the same time, many businesses also combine both hosting options to enjoy benefits such as improved performance and scalability. Web server configuration varies from one network to another. Also, programmers often distribute the server-side workload across multiple machines. The different hosting environments make it essential for developers to customize the backend of websites.
Contains application logic
Most programmers nowadays keep the user interface and application logic of a website separate to make it easier to develop and maintain. In addition to including the domain and infrastructure components of an application, application logic also performs the routine data processing required by every business. The backend of a website contains the application logic. Therefore, developers need to focus on back-end web development to seamlessly switch between front-ends and have multiple UIs access the same application logic.
Adds utility to each frontend feature
While developing a website, programmers have to write backend code to add utility to each frontend feature. For example, they have to write code using a server-side programming language to add functionality to a user login form. Whenever a user enters their login credentials, the backend code will collect the values and compare them against the login data stored in the databases. Similarly, the backend code also adds functionality to various modules, profiles and accounts. Therefore, no website can function without quality backend code.
It affects the user experience of the website
The usability and user experience of a website affects its popularity in the long run. As noted earlier, all the tasks required to run a website are done in the backend. So the user experience provided by a website will be affected by the quality of the backend code. Any problems in the backend code can cause frequent website crashes, slow running website and similar performance issues. At the same time, minor flaws in the backend code can leave the website vulnerable to targeted malware and security attacks. It is important for developers to focus on the quality and structure of the backend code to make the website provide a richer user experience without disruption.
It is also important for developers to do backend web development by choosing the right programming language and framework. Since there are many server-side programming languages to choose from, programmers must choose the language that meets all the needs of the project. Likewise, they also need to choose the right web development framework and tools based on the specific server-side programming language.